Volume 14, Issue 16 (2015)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2015, 14(16): 367-374 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghafari E, Rezaeepazhand J. Static analysis of composite box beams by dimensional reduction method. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2015; 14 (16) :367-374
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-11710-en.html
Abstract:   (3607 Views)
This paper presents prediction of static behavior of composite beams with arbitrary anisotropic materials. The procedure is based on decomposing a 3-D nonlinear elasticity problem into a 2-D analysis of cross section and a 1-D analysis across the beam length. This is accomplished by assuming that magnitude of strain is small compared to unity and cross section size is small relative to wave length of deformation, inherent to beam-like structures. In 2-D cross sectional analysis warping functions are calculated in terms of 1-D strain parameters and finally, fully coupled classical stiffness constants are derived which include extension, torsion and bending in two directions. 1-D analysis is modeled by Finite Element Method through calculating beam strain energy. In this article warpings are derived using Rayleigh-Ritz method. The great advantage of using Rayleigh-Ritz is simplifying cross sectional analysis in contrast with the mesh generation in FEM of similar procedures. Different cross section stiffnesses are investigated for ply orientation angle. Calculated results for symmetric and anti-symmetric composite box beams correlate well with 3-D FEM using Abaqus software as well as experimental results. The present solution has more accurate results for anti-symmetric composite box beam. According to costly use of 3-D FEM analysis, the present procedure with high speed and acceptable accuracy, is truly sufficient for preliminary and optimization problems.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Aerospace Structures|Composites
Received: 2014/08/24 | Accepted: 2014/10/15 | Published: 2014/11/15

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