Volume 14, Issue 13 (2015)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2015, 14(13): 59-66 | Back to browse issues page

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Afshari E, Dadvar M, Khademolhosseini A R. Offering a semi-analytical model to evaluate efficiency of PEM fuel cell system using ejector in fuel supply circuit. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2015; 14 (13) :59-66
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-11804-en.html
Abstract:   (2773 Views)
In this paper, the efficiency of Proton membrane exchange (PEM) fuel cell system by using ejector for returning the additional fuel in the fuel supply circuit and comparison with conventional systems, with compressor in fuel supply circuit, are studied. For this purpose a semi - analytical developed model for calculating the amount of efficiency increment, as well as the amount of power saving as a result of employing ejector in the fuel cell return line is provided by extending the previous models. In this developed model the important stack design parameters and ejector design parameters are correlated by presenting a new dimensionless parameter. The results for a typical fuel cell show that the amount of efficiency increment at different values of current density is different and there is a maximum point for it. The amount of power saving as a result of employing ejector compared with fuel cell power is considerable and will increase with increasing the current density. These results indicate that the ejector for those applications that require high power (for instance the transport applications) is more efficient.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Fuel Cell, Reaction & Multi-Species Flow|Analytical Methods
Received: 2014/05/19 | Accepted: 2014/07/13 | Published: 2014/10/4

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