Volume 18, Issue 6 (2018)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2018, 18(6): 156-164 | Back to browse issues page

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Ipakchi H, oleiaei M, Esfandeh M, yousefi M, Rezadoust A M. Investigation of electrospun polyvinyl butyral interlayer effects on Mode I and II delamination of glass fabric-phenolic composites. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2018; 18 (6) :156-164
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-16844-en.html
1- Department of Composite, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Gas Conversion, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (565 Views)
Glass-reinforced phenolic laminates show a low resistance to delamination. Toughening of the matrix resin with a polymeric interlayer is among the method used to improve the delamination strength. In this research Polyvinyl butyral(PVB) nanoweb with the fiber diameter of 300-600 nanometer were used as an interlayer in a 14-layer glass reinforced phenolic composite. A hybrid nanoweb consists of PVB nanoweb reinforced with pyrolytic carbon and carbon nanotube (CNT) were also prepared and used as the interlayer. Mode I and Mode II delamination tests were conducted on the samples according to the related ASTM standard test method. The results showed that PVB interlayer improves the delamination strength of the composites by 13.6% and 13.8%. for mode I and Mode II, respectively. Also, with the hybrid nanoweb, better improvement in the fracture toughness was achieved. In the hybrid nanowebs, CNTs at the optimum amount has a greater effect on the Mode I fracture (49% improvement in GIc), while the pyrolytic carbon mainly affected the Mode II fracture toughness by 38% improvement in GIIc. Morphological studies carried out by SEM microscopy showed that crack deviation is the dominant mechanism for toughening of the polymeric matrix which results in the delay in fracture initiation and increase of the crack length and in doing so enhances the fracture toughness of the laminates.
Full-Text [PDF 5233 kb]   (218 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Article |
Received: 2018/02/5 | Accepted: 2018/09/24 | Published: 2018/09/24

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