Volume 15, Issue 4 (2015)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2015, 15(4): 281-291 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahmardan M M, Norouzi M, Hassanzadeh H, Shahbani A. The influence of elastic property and inertial force on the length of vortices in viscoelastic fluid flow inside planar channel with the gradual expansion. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2015; 15 (4) :281-291
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-1920-en.html
Abstract:   (7650 Views)
Due to the diversity and width applications of polymeric fluids in various industries the investigation of viscoelastic fluids is noted by many researchers. In this study, non-creep flow of viscoelastic fluid has investigated inside planar channel with gradual expansion for the expansion ratio of 1:3. The laminar and incompressible flow of viscoelastic fluid has been simulated numerically using finite volume method and PISO algorithm. The nonlinear PTT rheological model has been applied to study effect of elasticity property on the length of vortices in polymeric fluid flow. The investigation of symmetric and asymmetric vortices length in a wide range of Reynolds and Weissenberg numbers is the main purpose of present study. The three angles of 30, 45 and 60 degrees have been considered for influence of the expansion angles on the length of vortices. The study of polymeric fluids flow through the planar channel with gradual changes in cross section (with expansion angles less than 90 degrees) is the innovation of this research. Also the critical values of first and second for Reynolds and Weissenberg numbers have been expressed in various expansion angles and furthermore length of second and third vortices has been presented as a function of Reynolds and Weissenberg numbers. The length of symmetric vortices decreases with increment of elastic property at all expansion angles for values of Weissenberg numbers less than one. Whereas the growth of expansion angle leads to increase in the length of symmetric and asymmetric vortices for low Reynolds and Weissenberg numbers.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Received: 2014/11/28 | Accepted: 2015/02/4 | Published: 2015/03/7

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