Volume 19, Issue 6 (2019)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2019, 19(6): 1475-1482 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mehrabi Gohari E, Mohammadi M, Nozari M, Bagherpour H. Thermal Analysis of Laser Welding in Joint of Stainless Steel to Low Carbon Steel Using Finite Element Method (FEM). Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2019; 19 (6) :1475-1482
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-19600-en.html
1- Mechanical Engineering Department, Payam-e-Nour University, Tehran, Iran , e.mehrabi@pnu.ac.ir
2- Mechanical Engineering Department, Payam-e-Nour University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (967 Views)
Welding laser beams is one of the essential parts of in automobile manufacturing used for joining plates. In this paper, for the first time, simulation of of joining stainless steel to low carbon steel was carried out. For this purpose, at first, thermal analysis was carried out by finite element method and of temperature profile and the dimensions of the melting area was gained as results. This was followed by mechanical analysis. The thermal analysis results were stored in a mechanical element as history to obtain the thermal conditions of the material. As results of this analysis, the strain of elastic and plastic as well as the amount of residual stress The results show that low carbon steel passes through in , because of higher thermal conductivity. Also, low carbon steel saves more residual stress due to higher yield stress. For validation of simulated model, two plates of 304 stainless steel with similar parameters the simulated model by laser welding. Comparing the results obtained from the experimental model with the simulated model shows a very good agreement.
Full-Text [PDF 994 kb]   (208 Downloads)    

Received: 2018/04/30 | Accepted: 2019/02/16 | Published: 2019/06/1

References
1. Duley WW. Laser welding. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 1999. [Link]
2. Mackwood AP, Crafer RC. Thermal modelling of laser welding and related processes: A literature review. Optics and Laser Technology. 2005;37(2):99-115. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.optlastec.2004.02.017]
3. Torkamany MJ, Hamedi MJ, Malek F, Sabbaghzadeh J. The effect of process parameters on keyhole welding with a 400 W Nd: YAG pulsed laser. Journal of Physics D Applied Physics. 2006;39(21):4563-4567. [Link] [DOI:10.1088/0022-3727/39/21/009]
4. Cao X, Jahazi M, Immarigeon JP, Wallace W. A review of laser welding techniques for magnesium alloys. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2006;171(2):188-204. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.06.068]
5. Daneshkhan R, Najafi M, Torabian H. Numerical simulation of weld pool shape during laser beam welding. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. 2012;3(8):1624-1630. [Link]
6. Assuncao E, Williams S. Comparison of continuous wave and pulsed wave laser welding effects. Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 2013;51(6):674-680. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.optlaseng.2013.01.007]
7. Sun Z, Ion JC. Laser welding of dissimilar metal combinations. Journal of Materials Science. 1995;30(17):4205-4214. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/BF00361499]
8. Golchin Bidgoli E, Moradi M, Shamsaei S. Laser drilling simulation of glass by using finite element method and selecting the suitable Gaussian distribution. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2015;15(13):416-420. [Persian] [Link]
9. Moradi M, Golchin E. Investigation on the effects of process parameters on laser percussion drilling using finite element methodology; Statistical modelling and optimization. Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures. 2017;14(3):464-484. [Link] [DOI:10.1590/1679-78253247]
10. Meco S, Cozzolino L, Ganguly S, Williams S, McPherson N. Laser welding of steel to aluminium: Thermal modelling and joint strength analysis. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2017;247:121-133. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2017.04.002]
11. Mohammadpour M, Yazdian N, Yang G, Wang HP, Carlson B, Kovacevic R. Effect of dual laser beam on dissimilar welding-brazing of aluminum to galvanized steel. Optics and Laser Technology. 2018;98:214-228. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.optlastec.2017.07.035]
12. Zhang Y, Sun DQ, Gu XY, Duan ZZ, Li HM. Nd: YAG pulsed laser welding of TC4 Ti alloy to 301L stainless steel using Ta/V/Fe composite interlayer. Materials Letters. 2018;212:54-57. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.matlet.2017.10.057]
13. Moradi M, Ghoreishi M. Influences of laser welding parameters on the geometric profile of NI-base superalloy Rene 80 weld-bead. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 2011;55(1-4):205-215. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00170-010-3036-1]
14. Moradi M, Ghoreishi M, Rahmani A. Numerical and experimental study of geometrical dimensions on laser-TIG hybrid welding of stainless steel 1.4418. Journal of Modern Processes in Manufacturing and Production. 2016;5(2):21-31. [Link]
15. Zhu XK, Chao YJ. Numerical simulation of transient temperature and residual stresses in friction stir welding of 304L stainless steel. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2004;146(2):263-272. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2003.10.025]
16. Bag S, Trivedi A, De A. Development of a finite element based heat transfer model for conduction mode laser spot welding process using an adaptive volumetric heat source. International Journal of Thermal Sciences. 2009;48(10):1923-1931. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2009.02.010]
17. Siva Shanmugam N, Buvanashekaran G, Sankaranarayanasamy K. Some studies on weld bead geometries for laser spot welding process using finite element analysis. Materials and Design. 2012;34:412-426. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2011.08.005]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author