Volume 19, Issue 4 (2019)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2019, 19(4): 981-989 | Back to browse issues page

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Mozafary H, Akbaripanah F, Nourbakhsh S. Effect of Multidirectional Forging on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Nano-SiC Reinforced AZ31 Nanocomposites. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2019; 19 (4) :981-989
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-22402-en.html
1- Mechanical Engineering Department, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
2- Mechanical Engineering Department, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran , f.akbaripanah@malayeru.ac.ir
3- Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
Abstract:   (691 Views)
In this study, 1.5vol.% of SiC nanoparticles was added to AZ31 magnesium alloy via a stir-casting method. Next, the as-cast ingots were extruded at 400°C with the ratio of 3.78. After extruding, the materials were subjected to multidirectional forging (MDF) at 320°C for 2, 4, 6, and 8 passes. In order to evaluate the mechanical properties of extruded and MDFed materials, shear punch (SPT) and Vickers microhardness tests were applied. The results of these tests showed that hard ceramic nanoparticles improved the shear strength and hardness of the matrix alloy. The shear yield strength, ultimate shear strength, and hardness of extruded alloy were 86.70 MPa, 119.43 MPa, and 52.55 HV, respectively, while in extruded AZ31/SiCp nanocomposite, these values increased by 9.91%, 5.48%, and 13.99%, respectively. It was also observed that nanocomposites processed with multi-directional forging offer better mechanical properties than non-MDFed materials. The results indicated that after the first two passes, there was a significant improvement in the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites, such that the shear yield strength, ultimate shear strength, and hardness were improved in contrast with the extruded state by 27.12%, 17.95%, and 16.03%, respectively. Mechanical properties during the next passes were periodically reduced and increased. Microstructural observations also showed that the average grain size variations were periodic during the increase of MDF passes. After the second pass, the grains were finer than the extruded state, and their size increased in the next two passes. From 4th to 6th pass, the grain size decreased and the smallest grains were obtained in this case, while in the last two passes, the grains grew slightly. Despite the smaller and homogeneous structure created by the 6th and 8th passes, the best mechanical properties were obtained in the second pass, which means, in addition to the microstructural changes, also modifications in the material texture during the MDF process had an impact on mechanical properties.
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Received: 2018/06/24 | Accepted: 2018/10/29 | Published: 2019/04/6

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