Volume 17, Issue 4 (2017)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2017, 17(4): 41-51 | Back to browse issues page

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Bazrgar M J, Dehghan Menshadi M. Numerical Analyses of the Vortical Flow over the Cranked Kite Wing in Ground Proximity. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2017; 17 (4) :41-51
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-3032-en.html
Abstract:   (1634 Views)
In during take-off and landing phases, flow structures and aerodynamics forces differ from the unbounded flow field. Computational fluid dynamics were used to study the flow field of a cranked kite wing with the focus on studying vortices treatment. Different Angles of attack and heights at free stream equal to 70 m/s were investigated at Mach number 0.2. Q-criteria shows that in ground effect, vortices treatment is at angles of attack 2° similar to 0° and angle of attack 8° similar to angles 4° and 6°.According to the topology of pressure gradient vectors at the angle of attack 2°, the center of all vortices in ground effect is fixed approximately. Axial residual vorticity, axial velocity and induced suction of all vortices increase and isosurfaces of Q-criteria become thicker. At the angle of attack 8° with height decreasing, axial residual vorticity of the primary vortex and the wing kink location vortex increase and decrease respectively. Also, the kink location vortex approach to the primary vortex and it takes away from the wing surface. At the angle of attack 8°, the coherent structure of vortex between leading edge and the kink location vortex breakdown in ground effect and recirculation bubble form on the wing surface. With height decreasing, the most drag and the lift coefficients increment occur on the lower surface.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Aerodynamics
Received: 2017/01/16 | Accepted: 2017/02/20 | Published: 2017/04/3

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