Volume 15, Issue 12 (2016)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2016, 15(12): 153-158 | Back to browse issues page

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Saidi A, Safi Jahanshahi A. Mechanical Behavior of Human Arteries in Large Deformation Using Non-Linear Elasticity Theory. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2016; 15 (12) :153-158
URL: http://igtc12.modares.ac.ir/article-15-3909-en.html
Abstract:   (4331 Views)
Mechanical behavior of live cells and tissues is non-linear and their deformations are large. Using a suitable mechanical model that could predicts this behavior, is an important step in the prevention and treatment of various diseases and the production of artificial tissues. In this paper, using the non-linear elasticity theory and non-linear Mooney-Rivlin model, mechanical analysis of human arteries has been studied under internal pressure and axial tension. In the first By using the experimental study was conducted of biaxial test, the elastic constants of the arteries are calculated. For modeling, the arteries are considered as long homogeneous and isotropic cylinders. Radial and circumferential stress distribution on the minimum and maximum blood pressure is calculated. Variation of artery radius due to internal pressure is calculated and compared with the reported experimental data, and a good agreement is seen. The stress distribution curves versus radius are plotted which show that the inner layers of the arteries have much greater role in stress distribution than the outer layers. The elastic constants which are calculated for different ages show that the arteries of older people become stiffer and their flexibility decrease.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Biomechanics
Received: 2015/08/17 | Accepted: 2015/10/26 | Published: 2015/11/21

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