Volume 16, Issue 11 (2017)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2017, 16(11): 123-134 | Back to browse issues page

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Parhizkar H, Ebrahimi A, Lekzian E. Applying a DSMC Solver to Explore the Effects of Heater Plates/Wall Heating in Microthruster. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2017; 16 (11) :123-134
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-4474-en.html
1- Associated Professor,Aerospace Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology
2- Ph.D Candidate, Aerospace Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology
Abstract:   (3679 Views)
In the present paper a DSMC solver is utilized to study the effects of wall heating/heater plates on performance parameters of microthruster systems. The solver uses local Knudsen number based on the gradient of flow properties to distinct the molecular and continuum region. This solver uses theory of characterisitcs for determination of inlet and outlet boundary conditions. Proper cell dimensions, number of particles per cell, and grid study are performed to guarantee the accuracy of simulations. Three typical micropropulsion systems are studied. All three systems have a microchannel and a converging-diverging micronozzle. First type is cold gas micropropulsion system, second type is a microthruster with wall heated channel, third type is microthruster with heater plates inside. The first type is considered as reference case and two other systems are compared with type1. It is obsereved that heating the walls in microthruster type2 accelerates the flow and increase the specific impulse of the system. In micropropulsion device type3, heater plates increase downstream temperature of convergent-divergent nozzle and also elevate the specific impulse. Due to considerable mass flow rate decrease of system type3, its thrust is decreased whereas mass flow rate of system type2 is not decreased as much as type3 and therefore the thrust of microthruster type2 is more than type1 and type3. Hence the second microprolusion system configuration has higher performance paratmeters in comparison with two other systems. It is also observed that increasing of wall temperature in microthruster type2 decrease the thrust and specific impulse sensitivity to temperature increase.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Lattice-Boltzmann Method
Received: 2016/08/16 | Accepted: 2016/10/5 | Published: 2016/10/26

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