Volume 15, Issue 4 (2015)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2015, 15(4): 203-213 | Back to browse issues page

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Jamaati J, Farahinia A R, Niazmand H. Investigation of Mixing in Electroosmotic Micromixers using Nernst-Planck Equations. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2015; 15 (4) :203-213
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-15-9262-en.html
1- Department of Mechanical Engineering, Razi University
2- Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Abstract:   (2880 Views)
Mixing within electrokinetic micromixers is studied numerically in this article. Micromixer studied here is simply a heterogeneous parallel plate microchannel which is imposed to the electroosmotic flow field. For the through modeling of such flows, the coupled equations of Navier-Stokes, Nernst-Planck, Poisson-Boltzmann and concentration equations are solved for the flow motion, electric charges transport, electric field and species concentrations, respectively. Numerical solution of these set of equations for the heterogeneous microchannels is complicated and difficult. Therefore, simple and approximate model such as Helmholtz-Smoluchowski has been proposed which is basically appropriate for the case of microchannels with the homogenous properties on the walls. Validation of Helmholtz-Smoluchowski model is well-examined for the prediction of two dimensional flow fields, yet its applications is rarely validated for the prediction of concentration field and mixing performance. In this article mixing due to electroosmotic flow field is investigated using Nernst-Planck equations as well as Helmholtz-Smoluchowski models and the accuracy of the Helmholtz-Smoluchowski model is evaluated. Comparison of the results indicates that for the proper conditions, approximate model can predict the mixing performance accurately along the micromixer length.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Micro & Nano Systems
Received: 2015/01/19 | Accepted: 2015/02/12 | Published: 2015/02/25

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