Volume 19, Issue 5 (May 2019)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2019, 19(5): 1253-1263 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moslemi Petrudi A, Vahedi K, Kamyab M, Moslemi Petrudi M. Numerical and Experimental Study of Oblique Penetration of a Blunt Projectile into Ceramic- Aluminum Target. Modares Mechanical Engineering 2019; 19 (5) :1253-1263
URL: http://mme.modares.ac.ir/article-15-20854-en.html
1- Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Imam Hussein (AS), Tehran, Iran
2- Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Imam Hussein (AS), Tehran, Iran , khvahedi@ihu.ac.ir
3- Mechanical Engineering Department, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, University Amirkabir, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4012 Views)

Penetration into ceramic-aluminum targets is of prime importance for researchers in defense and non-defense industries. In this study, the effect of a blunt projectile having a specified speed and penetrating into a ceramic-aluminum target at angles of 0, 15, 30, and 45 degrees is investigated. In this research, 8 experiments were carried out at Ballistic Laboratory of Imam Hossein University and the design of the experiments was carried out in such a way that the facilities of the laboratory could be used. The results of the study showed that by increasing the angle of obliquity, is decreased substantially in ceramic-aluminum target, and when the angle of obliquity is increased beyond a certain limit, will ricochet. Also, in this study, numerical investigation was performed, using Autodyne software. In this numerical simulation, the impact of the blunt projectile at 700 m/s on ceramic-aluminum target was carried out to determine the penetration depth into the given target. The blunt projectile penetration was simulated with oblique carbide plates supplemented with aluminum 2024-T3 and the residual velocity and mass values of the projectile were determined at the exit of the combined target. The projectile was assumed to be rigid and the Johnson–Holmquist structural model was used to describe ceramic behavior and Johnson-Cook material model was used for projectile and target. The results of the experiments and numerical simulation were compared and there was a good agreement between these two modes of investigations, indicating the validity and accuracy of simulation assumptions.

Full-Text [PDF 3017 kb]   (3610 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Impact Mechanics
Received: 2018/05/14 | Accepted: 2019/01/12 | Published: 2019/05/1

1. Azarafza R, Arab A, Mehdipoor A. Impact behavior of ceramic-metal armour composed of Al2O3-nano SiC composite. International Journal of Advanced Design and Manufacturing Technology. 2012;5(5):83-87. [Link]
2. Liaghat GH, Shanazari H, Tahmasebi M, Aboutorabi A, Hadavinia H. A modified analytical model for analysis of perforation of projectile into ceramic composite targets. International Journal of Composite Materials. 2013;3(6B):17-22. [Link]
3. Shafiei M, Vahedi K. Analytical and numerical analysis of long rod projectile penetrating into concrete and concrete/steel targets. Iranian Scientific Association of Energetic Materials. 2013;8(1):43-52. [Persian] [Link]
4. Alavi Nia A, Kazemi M. Analytical and numerical investigations on the penetration of rigid projectiles into the foam core sandwich panels with aluminum face-sheets. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G Journal of Aerospace Engineering. 2017;233(1):285-298. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0954410017730090]
5. Wilkins. Significant numerical analysis of ceramic targets by and colleagues [Internet]. Alexandria: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office; 2013 [cited 2018 May 01]. Available from: Not Found [Link]
6. Cortes R, Navarro C, Martinez MA, Rodriguez J, Sanchez-Galvez V. Numerical modelling of normal impact on ceramic composite armours. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 1992;12(4):639-650. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0734-743X(92)90281-W]
7. Tate A. A theory for the deceleration of long rods after impact. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. 1967;15(6):387-399. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0022-5096(67)90010-5]
8. Florence AL, Ahrens TJ. Interaction of projectiles and composite armor: Part I final report. Fort Belvoir: Defense Technical Information Center; 1967. [Link] [DOI:10.21236/AD0652726]
9. Woodward RL. A simple one-dimensional approach to modelling ceramic composite armour defeat. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 1990;9(4):455-474. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0734-743X(90)90035-T]
10. Den Reijer PC. Impact on ceramic faced armour [Dissertation]. Delft: Delft University of Technology; 1991. [Link]
11. Chocron-Benloulo IS, Rodriguez J, Sánchez-Gálvez V. A simple analytical model to simulate textile fabric ballistic impact behavior. Textile Research Journal. 1997;67(7):520-528. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/004051759706700707]
12. Zaera R, Sánchez-Sáez S, Sánchez-De La Sierra M, Pérez-Castellanos JL, Navarro C. Influence of the adhesive in the ballistic performance of ceramic faced plate armours. 18th International Symposium on Ballistics : proceedings : Ballistics '99 Symposium, San Antonio, Texas, 15-19 November 1999. Lancaster: Technomic Pub. Co; 1999. [Link]
13. Li K, Goldsmith W. Perforation of steel and polycarbonate plates by tumbling projectiles. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 1997;34(35-36):4581-4596. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7683(97)84387-9]
14. Sastry SR, Simha LU. Environmental evaluation and assessment of ceramic manufacturing systems. Transactions of the Indian Ceramic Society. 2002;61(3):135-140. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/0371750X.2002.10800048]
15. Feli S, Aalami Aaleagha ME, Ahmadi Z. A new analytical model of normal penetration of projectiles into the light-weight ceramic-metal targets. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2010;37(5):561-567. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2009.10.006]
16. Alizadeh M, Vahedi K. Analytiacal and numerical investigation of penetration of conical projectiles into FML targets. Aerospace Mechanics. 2015;10(4):75-85. [Persian] [Link]
17. Tahmaseiabdar M, Liaghat GH, Shanazari H, Khodadadi A, Hadavinia H, Abotorabi A. Analytical and numerical investigation of projectile perforation into ceramic-metal targets and presenting a modified theory. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2015;15(9):353-359. [Persian] [Link]
18. Senthil K, Iqbal MA, Bhargava P, Gupta NK. Experimental and numerical studies on mild steel plates against 7.62 API projectiles. Procedia Engineering. 2017;173:369-374. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2016.12.032]
19. Shanazari H, Liaghat GH, Feli S, Hadavinia H. Analytical and experimental study of high-velocity impact on ceramic/nanocomposite targets. Journal of Composite Materials. 2017;51(27):3743-3756. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0021998317692658]
20. Tria DE, Trębiński R. Methodology for experimental verification of steel armour impact modelling. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2017;100:102-116. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2016.10.011]
21. Venkatesan J, Iqbal MA, Gupta NK, Bratov V, Kazarinov N, Morozov F. Ballistic characteristics of bi-layered armour with various aluminium backing against ogive nose projectile. Procedia Structural Integrity. 2017;6:40-47. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.prostr.2017.11.007]
22. Venkatesan J, Iqbal MA, Madhu V. Ballistic performance of bilayer alumina/aluminium and silicon carbide/aluminium armours. Procedia Engineering. 2017;173:671-678. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2016.12.141]
23. Wang Q, Zhang H, Cai H, Fan Q, Li G, Mu X. Simulation analysis of co-continuous ceramic composite dynamic mechanical performance and optimization design. Computational Materials Science. 2017;129:123-128. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.commatsci.2016.12.009]
24. Zaera R, Sánchez-Sáez S. Investigate and penetrate the ceramic gold leaf AP projectiles with caliber 7.62 with tungsten core, against alumina and aluminum support plate. 21th International Ballistics Symposium, San Antonio, Texas, USA. Lancaster: Technomic Pub. Co; 2017. [Link]
25. Yi RC, Yin LK, Wang JR, Chen ZG, Hu DQ. Study on the performance of ceramic composite projectile penetrating into ceramic composite target. Defence Technology. 2017;13(4):295-299. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.dt.2017.05.009]
26. Zhang X, Serjouei A, Sridhar I. Criterion for interface defeat to penetration transition of long rod projectile impact on ceramic armor. Thin-Walled Structures. 2018;126:266-284. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.tws.2017.04.016]
27. Das S, Ronan W, Wadley HNG, Deshpande VS. Penetration of confined ceramics targets. Extreme Mechanics Letters. 2018;18:45-57. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.eml.2017.11.001]
28. Savio SG, Madhu V. Ballistic performance evaluation of ceramic tiles with respect to projectile velocity against hard steel projectile using DOP test. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2018;113:161-167. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2017.11.020]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.