Volume 14, Issue 12 (2015)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2015, 14(12): 179-189 | Back to browse issues page

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ghasemi B, Kasaeipoor A, Raisi A. Magnetic field effect on nanofluid water-cu natural convection in an inclined T shape cavity. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 2015; 14 (12) :179-189
URL: http://mme.modares.ac.ir/article-15-2573-en.html
Abstract:   (4480 Views)
In this paper, the result of a numerical study on the natural convection in an inclined T shap cavity filled with Water-Cu nanofluid with the presence of a constant magnetic field was investigated. A heat source embedded on the bottom wall of enclosure, the upper wall is cold and the other walls are adiabatic. Discretization of the governing equations are achieved through a finite volume method and solved with SIMPLE algorithm. The Hartmann number has been varied from 0 to 80 and the cavity has been twisted under the angles between 0 to 90 degrees. The findings of study show that the effect magnetic field on the average Nusselt number is higher in high Reyleigh number. In Ra=105, the increase in nanofluid, to the Hartman number 20, contributes to decrease of the average number and in the Hartman number 40 and more, causes the average Nusselt number to increase. In Ra=106 , the increase in nanofluid, to the Hartman number 20, contributes to increase of the average number and in the Hartman number 40 and more, causes the average Nusselt number to decrease. The results also indicate that, the maximum heat transfer, in Ra=105 and Ra=106 accurse at 67.5° angle. the minimum heat transfer, in Ra=105 and Ra=106 accurse at 0° and 22.5° angle respectively.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Heat & Mass Transfer|CFD
Received: 2014/03/18 | Accepted: 2014/10/2 | Published: 2014/10/4

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