Volume 15, Issue 3 (5-2015)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2015, 15(3): 84-94 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (5236 Views)
In present work, models that predict contact angle of a droplet with a solid surface, are considered and compared with each other. Two phases were assumed to be Newtonian, incompressible and immiscible fluids. OpenFOAM software is applied to simulate the two phases interface by using Color function VOF (CF-VOF) method. Different models for contact angle of a droplet as Tanner and Yokoi models are implemented in the OpenFOAM. In addition, the dynamics and statics contact angle models were used to compare with recent models in order to choose the best one. The outcome of study shows, even though the static contact angle model is simple to understand, however, it could be the best model to predict the droplet behavior in a wide range of different conditions. The fluid viscosity effect was also considered in different models of the present study. It concluded that the fluid viscosity affects the type of pattern of droplet impact and as viscosity of fluid increases; more energy is needed to uplift the droplet again from the surface. Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (K-H) was also simulated and explained in details which initiates on the interface of two fluids due to velocity differences of droplet and the surrounded air.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Two & Multi Phase Flow
Received: 2014/11/8 | Accepted: 2014/12/31 | Published: 2015/01/24

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