Volume 19, Issue 10 (October 2019)                   Modares Mechanical Engineering 2019, 19(10): 2499-2509 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nazari F, Abolbashari M, Hosseini S M. Multi-Objective Optimal Design and Natural Frequency Analysis of Shape Memory Alloy Composite Beams Using Genetic Algorithm. Modares Mechanical Engineering 2019; 19 (10) :2499-2509
URL: http://mme.modares.ac.ir/article-15-18552-en.html
1- Mechanical Department, Engineering Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- Mechanical Department, Engineering Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , abolbash@um.ac.ir
3- Industrial Department, Engineering Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (2546 Views)
Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a new generation of smart materials which was the subject of researches in recent years. In this study, SMAs are employed to improve the vibrational and structural behavior of composite beams. A numerical solution was presented for natural frequency analysis of the clamped-clamped beam and the obtained results were validated with results of available references. Two main goals were followed in this study: first, analysis the influences of effective design parameters of embedded SMA wires on natural frequencies of composite beams and second, optimal design of SMAs to improve the vibrational and structural behavior of composite beam. In the first step, the effect of design parameters of shape memory alloy wires including the number and the diameter of wires on natural frequencies and total mass of structure was studied. In the second step, maximization of the first natural frequency of the structure and minimization of the total weight of the structure was the objective function of multi-objective optimization process which was performed by employing the genetic algorithm and weighted sum optimization approach. The obtained results of optimization processes confirmed the high efficiency of the proposed approach to improve the vibrational and structural properties of Shape memory alloys composite beam.
Full-Text [PDF 976 kb]   (1856 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Composites
Received: 2018/04/5 | Accepted: 2019/02/23 | Published: 2019/10/22

References
1. Rogers CA, Liang C, Jia J. Structural modification of simply-supported laminated plates using embedded shape memory alloy fibers. Computers & Structures. 1991;38(5-6):569-580. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0045-7949(91)90008-A]
2. Zak AJ, Cartmell MP, Ostachowicz W. Dynamics of multilayered composite plates with shape memory alloy wires. Journal of Applied Mechanics. 2003;70(3):313-327. [Link] [DOI:10.1115/1.1546263]
3. Lau KT, Zhou LM, Tao XM. Control of natural frequencies of a clamped-clamped composite beam with embedded shape memory alloy wires. Composite Structures. 2002;58(1):39-47. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0263-8223(02)00042-9]
4. Tsai XY, Chen LW. Dynamic stability of a shape memory alloy wire reinforced composite beam. Composite Structures. 2002;56(3):235-241. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0263-8223(02)00008-9]
5. Baz A, Poh S, Ro J, Gilheany J. Control of the natural frequencies of nitinol-reinforced composite beams. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 1995;185(1):171-185. [Link] [DOI:10.1006/jsvi.1994.0370]
6. Chen Q, Levy C. Active vibration control of elastic beam by means of shape memory alloy layers. Smart Materials and Structures. 1996;5(4):400. [Link] [DOI:10.1088/0964-1726/5/4/003]
7. Sarip SB, A Rasid ZB, Hassan MZB. Stress analysis of laminated composite plates with embedded shape memory alloy using finite element method [Internet]. Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur; 2006 [cited 2017 Aug 01]. Available from: http://eprints.utm.my/id/eprint/2992/ [Link]
8. Kuo SY, Shiau LC, Chen KH. Buckling analysis of shape memory alloy reinforced composite laminates. Composite Structures. 2009;90(2):188-195. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.03.007]
9. Barzegari MM, Dardel M, Fathi AR, Pashaei MH. Effect of shape memory alloy wires on natural frequency of plates. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Automation. 2012;2(1):23-28. [Link] [DOI:10.5923/j.jmea.20120201.05]
10. Karimi Mahabadi R, Shakeri M, Danesh Pazhooh M. Free vibration of laminated composite plate with shape memory alloy fibers. Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures. 2016;13(2):314-330. [Link] [DOI:10.1590/1679-78252162]
11. Botshekanan Dehkordi M, Khalili SMR. Frequency analysis of sandwich plate with active SMA hybrid composite face-sheets and temperature dependent flexible core. Composite Structures. 2015;123:408-419. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.compstruct.2014.12.068]
12. Thompson SP, Loughlan J. Enhancing the post-buckling response of a composite panel structure utilising shape memory alloy actuators - a smart structural concept. Composite Structures. 2001;51(1):21-36. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0263-8223(00)00097-0]
13. Goldberg DE. Genetic algorithms in search, optimization and machine learning. Boston MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company; 1989. [Link]
14. MATLAB 2014a. Natick: The MathWorks; 2014. [Link]
15. Jakob W, Blume C. Pareto optimization or cascaded weighted sum: A comparison of concepts. Algorithms. 2014;7(1):166-185. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/a7010166]
16. Brinson LC, Huang MS, Boller C, Brand W. Analysis of controlled beam deflections using SMA wires. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 1997;8(1):12-25. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/1045389X9700800103]
17. Liang C, Rogers CA. One-dimensional thermomechanical constitutive relations for shape memory materials. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 1997;8(4):285-302. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/1045389X9700800402]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.